Instructional strategies provide a plan for assisting the learners with their efforts for each performance objective. Instructional strategies take the form of a lesson plan or a set of production specifications. The purpose is to outline how instructional activities will relate to, and assist the learner with meeting, the performance objectives. These strategies include the following:
- Audio/visual instructional media
- Guided Observation
- Practice and feedback
- Question and answer periods
- Simulated job settings
Instructor-led instructional strategies produce a guide to help implement the goal of the lesson plan without necessarily conveying its exact content to the learners. The instructor gives directions, refers learners to appropriate materials, directs the class activities, and supplements existing materials with direct instruction. Learner-centered strategies present a learning objective, an activity guide, the material to be viewed or read, practice exercises, and a self-check testing system for the learner.