Shirley J. Caruso, M.A.
Abraham Harold Maslow was an American psychologist who is considered the founder of humanistic psychology. Humanistic psychologists emphasize the individual. They take into consideration individual learning styles, values, and self-directedness. They create an atmosphere conductive to learning, identify learner needs and interests, provide warmth and support; emphasize interaction, de-emphasize grading, and provide options and flexibility to match individual learning styles and preferences.
Maslow created a model to explain his theory, which he referred to as the Hierarchy of Needs. Humanistic psychologists like Abraham Harold Maslow believed that individuals have a strong desire to reach a level of self-actualization. Maslow studied individuals who were mentally healthy rather than individuals who possessed psychological issues. Maslow did this to prove that humans are trying to reach high points in their personal as well as work lives where they are in harmony with themselves and their surroundings.