Knowledge sharing is the process of contributing and partaking in information and procedures that are effective in enhancing performance and meeting an organization’s goals. In order for knowledge sharing to occur, internal and/or external knowledge must be present. The existing knowledge is then distributed, or transferred from individual to individual or from a particular group to another group. Knowledge sharing also involves cooperation among the individuals or organization.
Sharing knowledge will only be meaningful if it is made within certain limits, as not all knowledge is useful for every individual. Sharing and distribution of knowledge involves cultural and individual limitation such as power and trust, with which the knowledge is shared.
Organizations should also implement practices to enhance the sharing of knowledge. Information and communication technology, such as intranet, promotes knowledge sharing.
By Shirley J. Caruso, M.A., Human Resource Development