Components of a task or the smallest meaningful activity that describes what employees in an industry are expected to be able to do. Elements combine to form a task, tasks combine to form a duty, and duties combine to from a job. Elements depend on other elements and are always components of a procedure. Also, the sub-division of a unit of competence. The element encapsulates: Skills – the performance of relevant tasks. Management – the skills required to manage a group of tasks to achieve the overall job function. Contingency management skills – i.e. responding to breakdowns in routines and procedures. Job/role environment – i.e. responding to general aspects of the work role and environment, such as natural constraints and working relationships.