Human Resource Development (HRD) is a practice that combines training, organizational development, and career development efforts to encourage improvement of individual, group, and organizational performance. Its purpose is to enhance employee performance and productivity, which leads to employee and customer satisfaction and an increase in the profitability of the organization.
In today’s highly competitive business world, HRD focuses upon employees’ training and development. This helps to increase the performance and the competencies of employees which enhance individual employee growth and organizational growth in the long run. Profitable organizations ensure that all of their employees are trained in such an efficient and effective way that they become role models, or benchmarks, for other organizations.
HRD Learning Strategies and Theories
HRD learning strategies and theories, such as behaviorism and situated learning, accentuate individual employee objectives to increase their motivation for higher performance. Individual employees’ objectives should join with the organization where their career ladders are developed and guidance is given for reaching their potential successfully. When an employee becomes a competitive advantage for the organization through effective human resource development, he or she is responsible for the success of the organization. Organizational goals are accomplished through excellent employee performance.
HRD and Leadership
In today’s extremely competitive global world, HRD allows organizations to be successful because it allows effective management of employees through effective leadership. Organizations should appreciate that leadership can shape managerial successes and minimize the risks and threats for the business. Leadership is the root of success of any organization and consists of a vision of the leader to motivate employees, the aim of the leader to empower employees in the business, the objective of the leader to be transparent, collecting and implementing external information, and taking challenges to achieve success through high performance, productivity and innovation.
HRD is fundamental to an organization’s effective leadership. Therefore, an organization’s leaders must possess HRD skills for creating an environment where employees are given major importance and developing HRD strategies that endeavor to satisfy the goals of the employees as well as of the organization. Employee training, employee development and employee education are the three major concepts that a successful HRD professional would implement in his/her organization. The HRD skills of an organization should be concentrated upon implementing learning theories such as behaviorism and situated learning, conducting training programs, transmitting information and experience to all employees, involving them in organizational success and providing them with career counseling.
In today’s global environment, efficient and effective employees are a major source of success of an organization. A competitive advantage can be achieved if the performance of employees is increasing through the effective use of HRD theories and activities. To meet the demands of the consumers and to provide complete consumer satisfaction, organizations have developed new ways to increase employee’s performance where the objectives of the organization and the individual employee are met. HRD and its employee development and learning theories are extremely important for any organization to be successful in the long run. HRD initiatives lead to high efficiency and performance, which in turn leads to the accomplishment of the goals and objectives of the organization.
By Shirley J. Caruso, M.A., Human Resource Development