Andragogy places its focus on the adult learner and his or her life situation. Knowles’s Andragogy is based on a number of assumptions about the adult learner Knowles supported the idea that learning should be more self-directed and focused on the development of the individual.
According to Malcolm Knowles, individuals take the initiative, with or without the help of others, in diagnosing their learning needs, formulating learning goals, identifying human and material resources for learning, choosing and implementing appropriate learning strategies, and evaluating learning outcomes.
Today’s changing demographics, globalization, and technology are three main sociocultural/economic forces that are driving adults to learn new skills and acquire new information. Although we may be well established in our professional roles, constant changes in the workplace influenced by such aspects as new technology, demographics, and adoption of new ideas or new structure, require that we engage in a set of activities or experiences that lead to learning.